Personality – Freud’s Two Models of the Mind (no audio)

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Overhead Presentation: Week 13

1. The Topographic (or Geological) Model

a. iceberg model

(1) conscious

(2) preconscious

(3) unconscious: repressed, censor

b. anxiety = a signal that something repressed is approaching

c. why called “topographic,” “geological”

d. “flashlight metaphor”

2. The Structural Model

a. id (“Das Es” = the “It”)

(1) the beast, primitive, instincts, drives (Eros, Thanatos),
urges, impulses, the “Kingdom of the Irrational,”
wish-fulfillment, narcissistic

(2) pleasure principle

b. ego (“Das Ich” = the “I”)

(1) the “executive,” problem-solver, “reality-testing”

(2) reality principle

c. superego (“Das Uberich” = the “Over-I”)

(1) morality, internalized parents

(2) two components: conscience, ego-ideal

(3) no name for the principle governing its actions

d. psychodynamics: what the ego experiences

(1) from the id

(a) id anxiety (neurotic anxiety): urges, tension, loss of

(b) pleasure, tension-release

(2) from the superego

(a) superego anxiety: guilt, shame, embarrassed

(b) pride, self-esteem

(3) from external reality: realistic anxiety

(4) goal is “ego-strength” = the ability of the ego to balance
the demands of id, superego, and external reality

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