Verbally Citing Sources: Bright Ideas in Public Speaking with DR. SUNNY






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You have a bibliography and you’ve written a speech…how do you put the two together to create an unforgettable speech with sources that will boost your credit by association…find out in this episode.

YOU’VE WRITTEN YOUR SPEECH. YOU’VE PRACTICED. YOU’VE EVEN PRACTICED GIVING CREDIT TO THE CREDIBLE SOURCES YOU BORROWED SUPPORTING EVIDENCE FROM…BUT….SOMETHING ISN’T RIGHT.

WHEN YOU WATCH YOUR VIDEO REHEARSAL, YOU REALIZE THAT YOU GIVE CREDIT TO THE PEOPLE AND ORGANIZATIONS YOU BORROWED IDEAS FROM–BUT YOU DON’T DO IT VERY ELOQUENTLY.

EVERY VERBAL CITATION STARTS WITH *ACCORDING TO* AND IS FOLLOWED BY A LONG BIBLIOGRAPHICALLY ACCURATE CITATION THAT CAUSES YOUR LISTENER TO PAUSE YOUR SPEECH AND SEE WHAT’S TRENDING.
HOW CAN YOU AVOID BORING YOUR AUDIENCE BUT STILL GIVE CREDIT WHERE IT’S DUE AND AVOID PLAGIARISM?

A LOT HAS CHANGED WITH THE ADVENT OF THE INTERNET AND OUR ABILITY TO QUICKLY LOCATE THE OWNERS OF IDEAS….BUT THE BOTTOM LINE REMAINS THE SAME: GIVE CREDIT WHERE CREDIT IS DUE. IF YOU ARE USING SOMEONE’S EXACT WORDS, QUOTE THEM. IF YOU’RE REFERENCING AN IDEA, TRY TO FIGURE OUT WHO FIRST HAD IT AND GIVE THEM CREDIT. IF YOU’RE CHANGING SOMEONE ELSE’S ORIGINAL IDEA AND WORDS INTO YOUR OWN WORDS, GIVE THEM CREDIT.

THE BEST PART ABOUT GIVING CREDIT IS YOU CAN PICK REALLY CREDIBLE SOURCES THAT BOOST YOUR SPEAKER CREDIBILITY BY ASSOCIATION.

SO INSTEAD OF QUOTING WEB-M-D — TRY QUOTING THE AMERICN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION…OR THE DOCTOR WHO WROTE THE JOURNAL ARTICLE WHERE THE STUDY WAS FIRST PUBLISHED.

DON’T QUOTE A NEWS ARTICLE FROM CNN ABOUT THE STUDY. FIND THE ORIGINAL OWNER–IN THIS CASE THE DOCTOR AND QUOTE THEM WHENEVER POSSIBLE.

WHEN YOU’RE PLANNING HOW TO VERBALLY CITE YOUR SOURCES, TRY WRITING IT OUT IN YOUR OUTLINE AND TRANSITIONING INTO AND OUT OF THE SUPPORTING EVIDENCE. YOU WANT TO CONTEXTUALIZE IT AND GIVE IT MEANING AS IT RELATES TO YOUR MAIN POINT. SO TRY WRITING IN YOUR OWN WORDS AS YOU WOULD SPEAK IN CONVERSATION.

NO ONE SAYS TO A FRIEND IN A CONVERSATION: ACCORDING TO RESEARCH PUBLISHED IN 19-89 IN THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION JOURNAL BY DOCTOR BILLY BLUES TITLED “LONG TERM IMPACT OF SOCIAL ANXIETY ON THE G-P-A OF PUBLIC SPEAKING STUDENTS….

FAIL

YOU NEED TO SOFT SELL THE SUPPORTING EVIDENCE. SPOON FEED IT TO YOUR AUDIENCE BIT BY BIT BUILDING TO YOUR POINT.

LET’S SAVE YOU’RE MAKING THE POINT THAT SOCIAL ANXIETY IS A DISABILITY THAT STUDENTS SHOULD RECEIVE ACCOMMODATION FOR BY TAKING ONLINE PUBLIC SPEAKING, YOU WANT TO INTRODUCE EVIDENCE IN A WAY THAT ADVANCES YOUR POINT.

WHAT IF YOU TRIED THIS:

ONE IN FIVE. ONE IN FIVE PEOPLE HAVE COMMUNICATION APPREHENSION SO SEVERE THAT IT COULD BE SEEN AS A DISABILITY. WITH 20% OF STUDENTS SUFFERING, IT’S TIME WE ALLOWED STUDENTS WITH THIS TYPE OF DISABILITY TO TAKE PUBLIC SPEAKING ONLINE.

NOW HERE’S WHERE I INTRODUCE MY EVIDENCE….

IT’S NOT A NEW IDEA. DOCTOR BILLY BLUES IN HIS STUDY OF UNDERGRADUATE ANXIETY, FOUND THAT STUDENTS WITH THE HIGHEST LEVELS OF SOCIAL ANXIETY RECEIVED LOWER G-P-A’S THAN THEIR PEERS WITH THIS SEVERE AND DISABLING FORM OF PUBLIC SPEAKING. DOCTOR BLUES PUBLISHED HIS RESEARCH ALMOST THIRTY YEARS AGO IN THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION JOURNAL–THE LEADING RESEARCH JOURNAL IN THE FIELD.

SO IF WE KNOW THAT SOCIAL ANXIETY CAN BE A REAL DISABILITY THAT NEGATIVELY IMPACTS A STUDENT’S CLASSROOM EXPERIENCE, WHY NOT ALLOW THOSE STUDENTS TO TAKE PUBLIC SPEAKING ONLINE AS A REASONABLE ACCOMMODATION FOR THEIR DISABILITY? IT MAKES SENSE IF YOU READ DOCTOR BLUES ARTICLE–HE FOUND THAT STUDENTS WITH DIAGNOSABLE SOCIAL ANXIETY RAISED THEIR G-P-S’S BY ALMOST 25% WHEN ALLOWED TO TAKE CLASSES ONLINE.

NOTICE HOW I’M WEAVING BACK AND FORTH, BUT ALWAYS GIVING CREDIT TO DOCTOR BLUES.

IN CASE YOU DIDN’T GUESS–DOCTOR BLUES ISN’T REAL….I MADE THE ARTICLE UP TO….BUT NEXT TIME I’LL GUIDE YOU THROUGH A RESEARCH WALKTHROUGH AND SHOW YOU HOW TO FIND GOOD EVIDENCE FOR ANY TOPIC.

Are you looking to take public speaking online while also earning college credit?

This is the place for you. Try Dr. Sunny!

Dr. Sunny Skye Hughes teaches at Santa Fe College-ranked #1 community college in 2016 by the Aspen Institute.

You can take the class from anywhere as a transient student.
Learn more here: https://www.sunnyhughes.com